Thursday, 30 April 2015

Famous And Beautiful Fort In India ,Red Fort,Agra Fort,Amber Fort,Chittorgarh Fort

Famous fort in india :

  • Chittorgarh Fort
  • Jhansi Fort
  • Gwalior Fort
  • Junagarh Fort
  • Golkonda Fort
  • Daulatabad Fort
  • Jaisalmer Fort
  • Agra Fort
  • Amber Fort
  • Red Fort
  • Mehrangarh Fort
  • Gwalior Fort

Chittorgarh Fort: 

Chittorgarh Fort is one of the largest forts in India and probably the grandest in the state of Rajasthan. It is a World Heritage Site.
 The fort, popularly known as Chittor, was the capital of Mewar and is today situated in Chittorgarh CityChittorgarh, also called Chittaur, from the 7th century to the 16th, was the capital of Mewar under the Rajputs. Chittaur evokes memories of great heroism and sacrifice by Rajput men and women in the intermittent battles that they had to fight against invaders from Northwest or Delhi. Chittaur witnessed both the ravages of war and the triumphs of the spirit. Allaudin Khilji who coveted Queen Padmini of Chittaur, invaded the city in 1303 A.D. Queen Padmini and the women of the court sacrificed themselves in a pyre of fire rather than submit to anybody.
This supreme sacrifice has been called 'Jauhar' and epitomises the fiery spirit of the Rajputs of the day. The city stands strewn with monuments and battlements as evidence of the blood and gore that it went through in medieval times.
 The Chittaur Fort is the best known fort in Rajasthan. Its origins are traced to the Pandavas of Mahabharata. It is said that Bhima, one of the Pandava brothers, built the fort. Standing on 180 meters high hill, the fort covers an area of 700 Acres. Inside it is the Meera and Khumba Shyam Temple. It is associated with Meera, a mystic poetess devoted to Lord Krishna
whose life and bhajans have become part of the folklore and literary traditions of the region and several parts of India.

Water Fort :

 Chittorgarh fort is also called as Water Fort. The fort had 84 water bodies, out of which only about 22 exist today. These Include talabs (ponds), kunds (wells), and baories (stepwells). All the talabs have a natural catchment. The kunds and baories are located below the talabs, so that even the seepage from the latter is not lost.The fort spreads over 700 hectares, 40 per cent of which are given over to water bodies. The average reservoir depth is about 2 m. Taken together, this means these reservoirs can store about 4 billion litres of water.

In a year of more than normal rainfall (average annual rainfall: 700 mm), enough water would be stored to last the next 12 months. Even after water loss due to seepage and evaporation and other causes, an army of 50,000 could live in the fort for four years without fear of thirst. 

Tower of Victory - (Vijay Stambh) :

Built in 1440 AD by Maharana Kumbha to commemorate his victory over Mohamed Khilji this 9-storyed tower is adorned by sculptures of Hindu deities around.
There are around 157 narrow steps leading to the terrace where the balconies give a beautiful top angle view of the whole town. When illuminated in the evening, the tower reflects a mesmerizing effect and the view is worth capturing in the camera.

Tower of Fame - (Kirti Stambh)
Dedicated to Adinathji the 1st Jain Teerthankar adorned by the naked figures of the Digambars [Adherents of the Digambar sect who does not believe in covering the natural body] A narrow stairway goes through seven stories of the tower to the top. The 22 metres high tower was build by a wealthy jain merchant in the 12th century A.D.  



Seven Gates of the Fort:

To enter in to the Fort Of Chittorgarh, the person has to go through seven huge gates(Pol). Each gate is different in its name, design and its size. Below is the list of these gates:
1. Padan Pol
2. Bhairon Pol
3. Hanuman Pol
4. Jorla Pol
5. Ganesh Pol
6. Laxman Pol
7. Ram Pol

history of Chittaur fort: 

The history of Chittor is one of the most stirring chapters in Indian history for it was there that the flower of Rajput chivalry sprang to life and the immense stretch of its sacred walls and ruined palaces relate the saga of innumerable sieges and heroism which has almost become a myth now. 

Rana Kumbha

 Rana Kumbha (1433-68) was a versatile man a brilliant, poet and musician. He built mewar upto a position of assailable military strength building a chain of thirty forts that girdled the kingdom But, perhaps more important was a patron of the arts to rival Lorenzo de Medici, and he made Chittorgarh a dazzling cultural center whose fame spread right across Hindustan.

Rana Sanga

  Rana Sanga (reigned 1509-27) was a warrior and a man of great chivalry and honor reign was marked by a series of continual battles, in course of which he is said to have lost one arm and had been crippled in one leg and received eighty-four wounds on his body. The last of his battles was again Mughal invader, Babur, in 1527. Deserted by one ofgenerals, Rana Sanga was wounded in the battle and shortly after. 

Maharana Pratap 

 Over the next half-century, most other Rajput rulers allowed themselves to be wooed the Mughals; Mewar alone held out. In 1567 Emperor Akbar decided to teach it a lesson: he attacked Chittorgarh razed it to the ground. Five years later Maharana Pratap (reigned 1572-97) came to rule Mewar - a king without a capital. He continued to defy Akbar, and in 1576, confronted the imperial armies at Haldighati.

The battle ended in a stalemate and Maharana Pratap and his followers withdrew to the craggy hills of Mewar, from where they continued to harrass the Mughals through guerilla warfare for the next twenty years. Maharana Pratap made his descendants vow that they would not sleep on beds, nor live in palaces, nor eat off metal utensils, until Chittorgarh had been regained.In fact, right into the 20th century the maharanas of Mewar continued to place a leaf platter under their regular utensils and a reed mat under their beds in symbolic continuance of this vow.

Rani Padmini 
 In 1303 Allauddin khilji, Sultan of Delhi, intrigued by tales of the matchless beauty of Padmini, Rani of Chittor, of her wit and charm, decided to verify this himself. His armies surrounded Chittor, and the sultan sent a message to Rana Rattan Singh, Padmini's husband, to say that he would spare the city if he could meet its famous queen. The compromise finally reached was that the sultan could look upon Padmini's reflection if he came unarmed into the fort. Accordingly, the sultan went up the hill and glimpsed a reflection of the beautiful Padmini standing by a lotus pool. He thanked his host who courteously escorted Allauddin down to the outer gate-where the sultan's men waited in ambush to take the rana hostage.

Sunday, 26 April 2015

Metro City In India ,chennai,New Delhi,Kolkata,Mumbai,Hyderabad,Bengaluru

Metro City:


New Delhi






Chennai, the capital City of Tamil Nadu is the fourth largest Metropolitan City in India.The Chennai Metropolitan Area (CMA) comprises the city of Chennai,16 Municipalities, 20 Town Panchayats and 214 Village Panchayats in 10 Panchayat Unions. The extent of CMA is 1189

The CMA falls in three Districts of the Tamil Nadu State viz. Chennai District,part of Thiruvallur District, and part of Kancheepuram District. The extent of the Chennai District (covered in Chennai Municipal Corporation area) is 176 and comprises 55 revenue villages in five Taluks [viz. (i) Fort-Tondiarpet Taluk, (ii) Perambur-Purasawalkam Taluk, (iii) Egmore-Nungambakkam Taluk, (iv) Mambalam-Guindy Taluk and (v) Mylapore-Triplicane Taluk]. In Thiruvallur District out of total district area of 3427, 637 in Ambattur, Thiruvallur, Ponneri and Poonamallee taluks fall in CMA. In Kancheepuram Districtout of 4433, 376 in Tambaram, Sriperumbudur
and Chengalpattu Taluks fall in the Metropolitan area.

Temples in Chennai:

  • Adeeswar Temple
  • Kandaswamy Temple
  • Kapaleeswarar Temple
  • Parthasarathy Temple
  • Vadapalani Temple

Monuments in Chennai  :                      
  • Freemasons Hall
  • Fort St. George
  • Kamaraj Memorial House
  • MGR Memorial
  • Senate House
  • Thousand Lights Mosque
  • War Memorials
  • Government Museum
  • Valluvar Kottam

Chennai Entertainment:                          

  • Pulicat
  • Thanjavur
  • Amusement Parks
  • Amusement Parks
  • Discotheques
  • Water Sports
  • Cinema Halls                              
  • Shopping Malls 

New Delhi

Delhi, India’s capital territory, is a massive metropolitan area in the country’s north. In Old Delhi, a neighborhood dating to the 1600s, stands the imposing Mughal-era Red Fort, a symbol of India, and the sprawling Jama Masjid mosque, whose courtyard accommodates 25,000. Nearby is Chandni Chowk, a vibrant bazaar filled with food carts, sweets shops and spice stalls.
 New Delhi, the capital of India, is a bustling metropolis that has an amazing mix of modernisation and carefully preserved antiquity. Sprawled over the west bank of the river Yamuna, it is one of the fastest growing cities in India. New Delhi was built by a British architect Edward Lutyens in 1912 as the new capital of the British Raj. The Victorian architecture now intermingleswith the city's high rise buildings. Concrete flyovers built to ease the growing traffic are interspersed with well laid gardens, Mughal tombs, forts and monuments.The city traces its history to Mahabharata, the great epic tale of wars fought between estranged cousins, the Kauravas and the Pandavas for the city of Indraprastha. Historically, the city has long since been the foremost in political importance with successive dynasties choosing it as their seat of power, between the 13th and the 17th centuries. Old Delhi was founded by Mughal rulers who ruled the city in succession starting from Qutab-ub-din to Khiljis, Tughlaqs each, under a different name given to the city. this fast developing region.Delhi was made the capital of Independent India in 1950 and it was declared a state in 1992.Gurgaon, 8 kms from Indira Gandhi International Airport is the modern suburb of Delhi. Multinational investors have built swanky office blocks, malls,multiplexes, hotels and amusement parks in this fast developing region.

temples indelhi:                                                              

  • Bhairon Temple                                               
  • Akshardham Temple
  • Hanuman Mandir, Connaught Place
  • Gauri Shankar Temple
  • Hanuman Mandir, Jhandewalan
  • Jhandewalan Mandir
  • Sai Baba Temple
  • Uttara Swami Malai Mandir
  • Shri Jagannath Mandir                                    
  • Shri Sheetla Mata Mandir
  • ISKCON Temple
  • Shri Digambar Jain Lal Mandir
  • Chhatarpur Mandir
  • Lakshmi Narayan Temple
  • Kalkaji Temple
  • Lotus Temple

Monuments in delhi:

  • India Gate
  • Humayun's Tomb
  • Qutab Minar
  • Red Fort
  • Jantar Mantar 

       entertainment in delhi:

  • National Zoological Park
  • Kingdom of Dreams
  • Children's Park at India Gate
  • National Science Centre
  • Old Fort (Purana Quila)
  • Nehru Planetarium
  • National Rail Museum
  • Adventure Island


Kolkata, formerly Calcutta, is the capital of the Indian state of West Bengal. Located on the east bank of the Hooghly river,
it is the principal commercial, cultural, and educational centre of East
A city of Joy and Love, Grandeur and Glory... Kolkata alias Calcutta is full of life and bustle, verging on the chaotic as traditional occupations rub shoulders with ultra modern industries. Kolkata is India's second largest city and the capital of West Bengal, situated at the point where the Indian subcontinent starts to narrow into the triangular southern peninsula. Formerly the capital of British India (1772-1912), it is a city with a great deal of charm - its imperial monuments, strong cultural and religious flavour leaves an indelible impression on the visitor.

Temples In Kolkata                                         

  • Kalighat Kali Temple
  • Dakshineswar Temple
  • Belur Math
  • Pareshnath Jain Temple
  • Birla Temple
  • Thanthania Kalibari
  • Agni Mandir

Monuments in kolkata

  • Victoria Memorial
  • marble palace mansion
  • Shaheed Minar
  • Vidyasagar House
  • Metcalfe Hall
  • raja ram mohan roy memorial
  • Belur Math
  • Vivian Derozio Tomb

entertainment in kolkata                                                    

  • Nandan and Rabindra Sadan Cultural Center
  • Someplace Else Pub                                        
  •   Roxy
  • Shisha Reincarnated
  • Alipore Zoo
  • Nicco Park


Mumbai, which was previously known as Bombay is a major metropolitan city of India. It is the state capital of Maharashtra .
Mumbai city is known as the business capital of India, it being the country's principal financial and communications centre. The city has the largest and the busiest port handling India's foreign trade and a major Interntional airport. India's largest Stock Exchange which ranks as the third largest in the world, is situated in Mumbai. Here, trading of stocks is carried out in billions of rupees everyday.
Mumbai (Bombay) lies on the western coast of India.
It is a group of seven islands in the Arabian Sea which lies off the northern Konkan coast on the west of Maharashtra state in India. These seven islands which were once seperated by creeks and channels were filled and bridged over the years by the inhabitants.

Temples in mumbai:                          

  • Mahalakshmi Temple
  • Mumbadevi Temple
  • Siddhivinayak Temple
  • Babulnath Temple
  • ISKCON Chowpatty
  • ISKCON Juhu Temple
  • Swaminarayan Temple

Monuments in mumbai

  • Gateway of India
  •  Heritage Buildings
  •  Kala Ghoda Art Precinct
  • Markets and Bazaars
  • Juhu and Marine Drive Chowpatty Beaches   
  • Bollywood
  • Caves and National Park 
  • Mahalaxmi Dhobi Ghat   
  • Mumbai Dabbawalas
  • Haji Ali

entertainment in mumbai                              

  • High Street Phoenix
  • Phoenix Market City
  • R-City Mall
  •  Infiniti Mall
  • Oberoi Mall
  • PVR Juhu and PVR Phoenix
  • Snow world
  • Funky Monkey Play Center     
  • Grant Road


Hyderabad is the capital of the southern Indian state of Telangana and de jure capital of Andhra Pradesh
 The city of smiles, of lights, of a thousand faces, endearingly called the Pearl City, Hyderabad offers a variety of tourist attractions ranging from Heritage monuments, Lakes and Parks, Gardens and Resorts, Museums to delectable cuisine and a delightful shopping experience. To the traveller,
 Hyderabad offers a fascinating panorama of the past, with a richly mixed cultural and historical tradition spanning 400 colourful years. Some of the tourist attractions include
 Hyderabad History is very rich and interesting, so don't worry, you will not get bored reading it.
History of Hyderabad is inextricably linked with the rise and fall of various kingdoms, Qutb Shahi to Asaf Jahi (Nizams), which flourished in the Deccan region during the medieval and modern times.It was the famous Qutb Shahi's rule that opened a glorious chapter in the chronicles of Hyderabad.

temples in hyderabad:

  •  Birla Mandir        
  •  Jagannath Temple
  •  Features
  •  Shyam Temple
  •  Chilkur Balaji Temple
  •  Chennakeshava Swamy Temple
  •  Karmanghat Hanuman Temple
  •  Kesari hanuman Temple
  •  Parsi Fire Temple
  •  Peddamma Temple
  •  Ranganatha Swami Temple
  •  Sri Subrahmanya Swamy Devalayam, Skandagiri

Monuments Of Hyderabad:

  • Charminar
  • Golconda Fort
  • Qutb Shah Tombs
  • Chowmahalla Palace
  • Asman Garh Palace
  • Falaknuma Palace  

entertainment in hyderabad:

  • mount opera multi-theme park                       
  • Snow World
  • Elles World
  • jalavihar family entertainment
  • Ocean Park
  • Ramoji Film City
  • hussain sagar lake
  • City Centre Mall
  • MPM Mall
  • 10 Downing Street


Bangalore is the most sought out cosmopolitan city in India. Bangalore is the capital of southern state of Karnataka. Kannada is the language spoken by the locals.
 The center of India's high-tech industry, the city is also known
for its green spaces and nightlife. Near Cubbon Park, Vidhana Soudha is its massive Neo-Dravidian legislative building. Former royal residences include
19th-century Bangalore Palace, modeled after England’s Windsor Castle, and Tipu Sultan’s Summer Palace, an 18th-century teak structure.

 temples in bangalore:

  • Chokkanathaswamy Temple   
  •  Bull Temple
  •  Dodda Ganesha Temple    
  •  Gavi Gangadareshwara Temple
  •  The ISKON
  •  The Shiva Temple     
  • Banashankari Temple
  • Venkataramanswamy Temple
  • Sugreeva Venkateshwara Temple
  •  The Kanyakaparameshwari Temple

 Monuments of bangalore:

  • Old Dungeon Fort & Gates
  • Tipu Sultan's Palace
  • Pre-Historic Site
  • Fort
  • Bangalore Palace

entertainment in bangalore:

  • Art Galleries                                       
  • Auditoriums
  • Cinema Halls
  • Discotheques
  • Shopping Malls

Friday, 24 April 2015

Top National Parks In India ,

Carbett National Park:

This is an unbelievably exciting tour that takes you to two of the most amazing and offbeat tourist's destination of India.
Jim Corbett National Park, which is a part of the larger Corbett Tiger Reserve, a Project Tiger Reserve lies in the Nainital district of Uttarakhand. The magical landscape of Corbett is well known and fabled for its tiger richness. Established in the year 1936 as Hailey National Park,
 Corbett has the glory of being India's oldest and most prestigious National Park. It is also being honored as the place where Project Tiger was first launched in 1973. This unique tiger territory is best known as the father who gave birth of the Project Tiger in India to protect the most endangered species and the Royal of India called Tigers.

Spans over an extent of 520 square kilometers, its whole area comprises of hills, marshy depressions, riverine belts, grasslands and large lake.
 It is among the few tiger reserves in India that allows overnight stays in the lap of the National Park.
 Nature watch and wildlife viewing in the park is done in an open four wheeler Jeep and on elephant back.

Sheltering a healthy population of tigers and rare species like Otters and the endemic fish eating crocodile,
 the national park is one of the most sought after destinations for the wildlife buffs. Dhikala, situated at the border of the extensive Patil Dun valley, is the most popular destination in Corbett because of its superb location and sheer abundance of wildlife present.

Kanha National Park:

Kanha Tiger Reserve, also called Kanha National Park, is one of the tiger reserves of India and the largest national park of Madhya Pradesh state in India.
Kanha National Park is nestled in the Maikal range of Satpuras in Madhya Pradesh, the heart of India that forms the central Indian highlands
The lush sal and bamboo forests, grassy meadows and ravines of Kanha providedinspiration to Rudyard Kipling for his famous novel "Jungle Book".The Kanha National Park in Madhya Pradesh came into being in 1955 and forms the core of the Kanha Tiger Reserve, created in 1974 under Project Tiger.The Park's landmark achievement is the preservation of the rare hardground Swamp Deer (Barasingha), saving it from near extinction. Stringent conservation programs for the overall protection of the Park's fauna and flora, makes Kanha one of the most well maintained National Parks in Asia.
A heightened attraction within the Park is Bamni Dadar,  popularly known as Sunset Point that offers the most awe-inspiring backdrop of the sunset against grazing Sambhars and Gaurs, magnifying the natural splendor of the area. Aside from its diverse wildlife and bird population,
 the frequent sightings of Tigers roaming in the wild at Kanha Wildlife Sanctuary remain the most popular draw.

How many of you have seen a tiger before? Most of the answers will be ambiguous because everyone wants to see a tiger.Then where can one spot TIGER? Well, even if there are circuses and zoo's all over India, there's some kind of a thrill you experiences when all of a sudden you came across a TIGER roaming freely in the wilderness of its natural habitat: the fields and forests of India. There are nucious beast,merous Tiger reserves in India, that are preserving this fero but nowhere can
you see them as often, and as regularly as in Kanha National Park.
The climate of this region is tropical. Summers are hot and humid with a maximum and minimum temperature of 40.6°C and 23.9°C.
 Winters are pleasant with an average maximum and minimum temperature of 23.9°C and 11.1°C, respectively. The annual average rainfall is 152 cm.
The park is closed from July to mid-October during monsoon.

Bandhavgarh National Park:

Bandhavgarh National Park is one of the wild life sanctuaries in the Indian state Madhya Pradesh.  
 The national park is situated at 197 km away north-east of Jabalpur. This wild life park derived its very name from an ancient fort in the area. Bandhawgarh National Park belongs to the Vindhyan mountain ranges of central India and it boasts to have the highest density of tiger population in the country.Now there are about 46 to 52 tigers one can spot here.
The forests of Bandhavgarh are the white tiger jungles of the yesteryears. However, no white tigers have been reported from the wild in the last 50 years,
 and it is believed that less than a dozen have been seen in India in about a hundred years. And yet when white tigers were sighted, it was right here in Bandhavgarh.
Once a hunting reserve of the royal family of Rewa in more  recent times, Bandhavgarh was declared a park in 1968. This is also the site where the famous  WHITE TIGERS of Rewa were discovered.
Wandering through the Bandhavgarh national park on an Elephant Back, the chances of seeing a tiger are quite good. Among the other wild attractions include, Nilgai, Chausingha, Chital, Chinkara, Wild Boar and sometimes a Fox or Jackal.In the Bandhavgarh National Park the visitors can be entered on elephant back apart from the four wheelers.
Once a hunting reserve of the royal family of Rewa in more recent times, Bandhavgarh was declared a park in 1968. This is also the site where the fanmous  WHITE TIGERS of Rewa were discovered.
Wandering through the Bandhavgarh national park on an Elephant Back, the chances of seeing a tiger are quite good. Among the other wild attractions include, Nilgai, Chausingha, Chital, Chinkara, Wild Boar and sometimes a Fox or Jackal.
In the Bandhavgarh National Park the visitors can be entered on elephant back apart from the four wheelers. In the elephant safaris a forest department guide always accompanies the guests who will direct and tell about the flora and fauna of the park.
The best time to visit the park is early in the morning or after 4 pm to spot the animals. The park is closed from 1st July to 15th October,
 which is the monsoon season.

Ranthambore National Park:

Ranthambore National Park is one of the biggest and most renowned national park in Northern India. The park is most famous for it's diurnal tigers.
The park is located in the Sawai Madhopur district of southeastern Rajasthan, which is about 130 km from Jaipur.
Being considered as one of the famous and former hunting grounds of the Maharajas of Jaipur,
today the Ranthambore National Park terrain is major wildlife tourist attraction spot that has pulled the attention of many wildlife photographers and lovers in this destination.
The vegetation of the Ranthambore is the tropical dry deciduous and tropical thorn type due to its hilly track, water is confined from narrow valleys and some lakes. There are several lakes in the park which known as Padam Talab, Raj Bagh Talab and Malik Talab.
Ranthambore National Park is probably the best place in the world to see wild Indian tigers in its only dry deciduous natural habitat.Tigers can be easily spotted even during the day time. Ranthambore is also known for famous heritage site due to ruins and Fort.It is a home for different species of animals and birds.
The herbivorous population includes chital, sambar, blue bull and chinkara.Samabr deer is the pride of park. There is no park in Asia, where these largest of all Asiatic deer can be seen so frequently during the day time. Wild boars and langurs are common scene , Among the reptiles, crocodiles can be seen basking in the sun near the lake. Other carnivores in the park include leopard, hyena , jackal, caracals, jungle cat ,rattle and the tiger is the biggest attraction of the park. There are more than 300 varieties of birds in Ranthambore National Park.

 Timings for entry into, and exit from, the park vary according to the season. In winters, due to the shorter duration of daylight hours, the morning entry time is later and evening exit time is earlier.

Sunderbans National Park:

Sunderbans national park is located at the South Eastern tip of the 24 Paraganas district in the state of West Bengal.
It got its name from one of the mangrove plants known as Sundari (Heritiera Minor).
The Sundarbans are a part of the world's largest delta formed by the rivers Ganges,Brahmaputra and Meghna. Sundarban is a vast area covering 4262 square kms in India alone, with a larger portion in Bangladesh. 2585 sq. kms of the Indian Sundarban forms the largest Tiger Reserve and National Park in India. The total area of the Indian part of the Sundarban forest, lying within the latitude between 21°13'-22°40' North and longitude 88°05'-89°06' East, is about 4,262 sq km, of which 2,125 sq km is occupied by mangrove forest across 56 islands and the balance is under water.
The park is surrounded by a buffer zone of 885 square kilometers. This also mainly consists of mangrove forests. The core area of the park has it's own natural boundaries with the river Matla on it's West, the river Haribhanga on it's East, with Netidhopani and Gosba in the North.
The four Sunderbans national parks have been lumped together as they all share common features of the estuarine mangrove ecosystem.
The main attractions of the Sunderbans are the Tiger, of which the delta harbor large reptiles like the Monitor Lizard, Estuarine Crocodile and the Olive Ridley Turtle, for which there is a conservation programme in the Indian park. The Leopard, Indian Rhinoceros, Javan Rhinoceros, Swamp Deer, Hog Deer and Water Buffalo have all become locally extinct from the delta in recent decades.
The best time to visit Sunderbans is during winters between December and February.although the park is open for longer from September to March. This is the period when the maximum migratory birds are also present here.